Since the machine hosting the SoftAP always marks the SoftAP

About the Wireless Hosted Network Windows

The wireless Hosted Network is a new WLAN feature supported on Windows7 and on Windows Server2008R2 with canadian goose jacket the Wireless LAN Service installed. This feature implements two major functions:

The virtualization of a physical wireless adapter into more than one virtual wireless adapter sometimes referred to as Virtual Wi Fi.

These two functions coexist in a Windows system together. Enabling or disabling the wireless Hosted Network enables or disables both virtual Wi Fi and SoftAP. It is not possible to enable or disable these two functions separately in Windows.

With this feature, a Windows computer can use a single physical wireless adapter to connect as a client to canada goose store a hardware access point (AP), while at the same time acting as a software AP allowing other wireless capable devices to connect to it. This feature requires that a Hosted Network capable wireless adapter is Canada Goose sale installed in the local computer. The driver for the wireless adapter must implement the wireless LAN device driver model defined by Microsoft canadagooseparks for use on Windows7. To receive the Windows7 logo, a wireless driver must implement the wireless Hosted Network feature.

There is at most one wireless Hosted Network enabled at any time on the local computer and only one wireless adapter will be used by the wireless Hosted Network. If there is more than one Hosted Network capable wireless adapter, canada goose coats Windows will choose one adapter for use with the wireless Hosted Network. When the Hosted Network APIs are used, the Hosted Network capable wireless adapter is virtualized to at most 3 logical adapters:

A station adapter (STA) for use by client canada goose clearance or ad hoc wireless applications. The STA adapter inherits all the settings of the original physical wireless adapter and exhibits the same behaviors as the physical adapter. Conceptually, one can view the STA adapter as identical to the physical adapter after virtualization. The STA adapter is always in the system as long as the corresponding wireless physical adapter is present.

An AP adapter for use by the wireless Hosted Network to host SoftAP. The AP adapter is present in the Windows system only after the wireless Hosted Network is invoked for the first time (when the WlanHostedNetworkStartUsing, WlanHostedNetworkForceStart, or WlanHostedNetworkInitSettings function is first called). Once created, the AP adapter will remain in the system until the wireless Hosted Network canada goose replica is disabled. If the wireless Hosted Network is enabled at some later time, the AP adapter will show up in the system again.

A virtual station adapter (VSTA) for use by hardware canada goose clearance sale vendors to extend the wireless Hosted Network capability in Windows. The VSTA adapter is optional and can only be created in the system by the corresponding IHV service. Unlike the AP adapter, the VSTA adapter exists in the Windows system only from the time when the IHV service initializes the adapter until the time the IHV service releases the adapter.

Virtual Wi Fi maps the logical adapters to NDIS ports. The binding of the STA, AP, and VSTA adapters to specific NDIS ports is decided by Windows. The STA adapter is always bound to Port 0. The AP adapter is bound to the next available NDIS port when virtualization starts, and the binding remains the same until virtualization ends when wireless Hosted Network is disabled. The VSTA adapter is bound to the next available NDIS port when it is initialized by the corresponding IHV service and the binding remains the same until it is released by the IHV service.

It is possible for the VSTA adapter to be created for use by IHVs without creating the SoftAP adapter.

The following combinations are valid canada goose for a physical adapter with virtualization:

STA adapter.

STA and AP adapters.

STA and VSTA adapters.

STA, AP, and VSTA adapters.

Except for the STA adapter case, all other combinations are only valid when the wireless Hosted Network is enabled. As for the single STA adapter case, it is the physical adapter if the wireless Hosted Network is disabled. If the wireless Hosted Network is enabled, it is the STA adapter when the wireless Hosted Network has never been invoked in the system.

Layer 2 bridging is prohibited between the AP adapter and any other adapters in the system. The same restriction applies to the VSTA adapter when it cheap Canada Goose is present in the system.

The wireless Hosted Network feature in Windows implements a SoftAP. However, this SoftAP is not designed to replace hardware based wireless AP devices. In particular, if the wireless Hosted Network is running when the computer goes to sleep (standby), hibernate, or before the computer restarts, the wireless Hosted Network will be stopped. The wireless Hosted Network will not automatically restart after the computer resumes from sleep, hibernate, or restarts. In addition, SoftAP does not provide the DNS resolution. In the case where an external DNS server is not made available using Internet Connection Sharing (see the discussion of ICS below), fully qualified domain name buy canada goose jacket cheap (FQDN) resolution between any two computers or devices connected with the SoftAP, including the computer hosting the SoftAP, would only work if both entities mark the network type of the SoftAP network as PRIVATE (HOME or WORK in the network category pop up). Since the machine hosting the SoftAP always marks the SoftAP network type as PRIVATE, only the computers or devices connected to SoftAP need to mark the SoftAP network type as PRIVATE in order for FQDN resolution to work.

SoftAP and ad hoc networking are mutually exclusive Canada Goose online on the same physical adapter. If SoftAP is running Canada Goose Coats On Sale on the AP adapter and a user or application starts ad hoc networking on the STA adapter, SoftAP will canada goose coats on sale be shut Canada Goose Outlet down. Iif ad hoc networking is running on the STA buy canada goose jacket adapter, an attempt to start SoftAP on the AP adapter will fail.

To provide protection for the wireless communications between the computer hosting SoftAP and the devices connecting to the SoftAP, the wireless Hosted Network requires that all devices connected use the WPA2 PSK/AES canada goose black friday sale cipher suite. The shared key is a 63 character value generated by Windows when the wireless Hosted Network is invoked for the first time (when the WlanHostedNetworkStartUsing, WlanHostedNetworkForceStart, or WlanHostedNetworkInitSettings function is first called). A user or application cannot change the value of this shared key, but an application can request the operating system regenerate a new key by calling the WlanHostedNetworkRefreshSecuritySettings function or a user can request the operating system regenerate a new key using netsh wlan commands. This shared key is called the primary or system key for the wireless Hosted Network and is persistent across starting and stopping of the wireless Hosted Network. This primary key is called the “system security key” in netsh wlan commands.

To allow for ease of use, wireless Hosted Network also supports the concept of a secondary or user security key that is more user friendly, but could be less secure. This secondary key is called the “user security key” in netsh wlan commands. The secondary key is not generated by Windows. The user must supply the value for this key. A user or application may set or Canada Goose Online change the key value by calling the WlanHostedNetworkSetSecondaryKey function or by using the netsh wlan commands. The secondary key can be set to be persistent or temporary. For a temporary key, if the wireless Hosted Network is Canada Goose Parka already running, the secondary key will be valid until the wireless Hosted Network stops. For a temporary key, if the wireless Hosted Network is not running, it will be valid only between the next wireless Hosted Network start and stop.

There is exactly one primary key and at most one secondary key for the wireless Hosted Hetwork on any computer. Any device provisioned through Wi Fi Protected Setup (WPS) will receive the primary key. Other manually configured devices can have use either key. Whenever a key is changed, any device with the old key value will not be able to connect to canada goose the wireless Hosted Network without being re provisioned with the new key. However, devices with the other unchanged key shall continue to be able to connect to the wireless Hosted Network.

An application can register for wireless Hosted Network notifications, so a WLAN notification will be sent to the application callback when properties change on the wireless Canada Goose Jackets Hosted Network. An application registers for wireless Hosted Network notifications by calling the WlanRegisterNotification with the dwNotifSource parameter set to include the WLAN_NOTIFICATION_SOURCE_HNWK bit.

Windows provides two ways for canada goose deals IT administrators to manage the wireless Hosted Network feature. For computers that are members of a domain, administrators can use group policy to disallow the wireless Hosted Network. Using netsh wlan commands, an administrator can enable or disable wireless Hosted Network locally on the computer.

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